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Generation 2030 Africa 2.0 - Prioritizing investments in children to reap the demographic dividend

Author: UNICEF
Document Type: Reports
Document Abstract:



Nowhere in the world are children more central to a continent’s future than in Africa, where they account for almost half (47 per cent) of all inhabitants. The expansion occurring in recent decades has been extraordinary. In 1950, Africa’s child population stood at 110 million and represented just above 10 per cent of the world’s child population. It has grown more than fivefold since, and currently stands at an estimated 580 million: four times larger than Europe’s child population, and accounting for about 25 per cent of the world’s children.

This report follows up the first Generation 2030 Africa report, published in August 2014, which outlined pivotal changes in Africa’s child demographics. The new report uses latest population projections showing that by 2050, the continent will account for 42 per cent of all global births and almost 40 per cent of all children under 18. The report presents modelling indicating that if African nations invest in their growing population of children and young people, in particular in their education, and adopt economic policies that foster new jobs, the continent as a whole could see per capita incomes increase up to four-fold.  The first, crucial step to achieving this demographic dividend will be to close the gaps that exist within Africa’s health and education systems.

Executive Summary: EN | FR

Focus Country: Africa
Language: English
Date added: 2017-11-09 07:50:27    Hits: 241

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