At an increased risk of HIV and often unable to negotiate safe sex with clients, sex workers have been a major focus in HIV prevention and treatment. However, away from the streets and brothels, their children have been largely ignored.
In broken English, Madam Victoria Nweke tells her story. "It was when my daughter-in-law died at St Gerards Hospital, Kaduna that we discovered that she had HIV/AIDS. She never told anyone that she was living with HIV.
After the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, Rwanda was known as the country with the highest proportion of orphans in the entire world. Today, while many of these orphans have grown up - the number of orphans is still very high at over 220,000 children countrywide have lost one or both parents to AIDS or other causes. There are also some 20,000 children who live with HIV.
At least a third of South African children who died in 2007 were severely malnourished and a further 30% were underweight for age while on average over half were known or suspected to be HIV infected.
South Africa has about 905 453 maternal orphans, many of whom have lost their parents to Aids.
Less than one in four Zambian children who should be on life-saving anti-retroviral drugs is receiving them. The country planned to increase the number of children on ARVs from the present 20,000 to 120,000, but inadequate facilities pose a major stumbling block.
Focusing on preventing HIV infection among children could hold the key to an Aids-free generation.
Children have the right to age-appropriate information about their HIV status and should not be the last to find out that they are HIV-positive, Human Rights Watch said on World AIDS Day, December 1, 2010. Human Rights Watch described its research in Kenya about the subject and called on the Kenyan government to provide guidance to health workers and parents on disclosure, which could start from the age of 6, taking into account the child's maturity and the specific clinical and social context.
About 110,000 children under the age of 15 years have been infected with HIV in Uganda. Of these, only 42% have access to antiretroviral (ARVs) drugs, Dr. Sabrina Kitaka, the Uganda Pediatrics Association (UPA) president, has said.
As we mark the International Day for Children, it's important that we reflect on the plight of children in the country. Uganda, like many other countries is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child that mandates government to guarantee that fundamental rights of children are respected.
Selection of documentaries on key Child Rights issues in Africa from various sources.