Sharing a child's HIV status with them can be a difficult for a caregiver, but according to the Wits Institute for Health HIV and Related Diseases, disclosure has incredible benefits.
About 14 000 out of the 47 000 children born to HIV positive mothers in Zimbabwe this year will be infected because of gaps in the health delivery system, the Minister of Health and Child Welfare, Henry Madzorera has said.
Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) comprise a fifth of Swaziland's roughly one million people, 80,000 more than predicted in a doomsday scenario back in 2004, but a social meltdown feared by some, has not happened.
At an increased risk of HIV and often unable to negotiate safe sex with clients, sex workers have been a major focus in HIV prevention and treatment. However, away from the streets and brothels, their children have been largely ignored.
In broken English, Madam Victoria Nweke tells her story. "It was when my daughter-in-law died at St Gerards Hospital, Kaduna that we discovered that she had HIV/AIDS. She never told anyone that she was living with HIV.
After the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, Rwanda was known as the country with the highest proportion of orphans in the entire world. Today, while many of these orphans have grown up - the number of orphans is still very high at over 220,000 children countrywide have lost one or both parents to AIDS or other causes. There are also some 20,000 children who live with HIV.
At least a third of South African children who died in 2007 were severely malnourished and a further 30% were underweight for age while on average over half were known or suspected to be HIV infected.
South Africa has about 905 453 maternal orphans, many of whom have lost their parents to Aids.
Less than one in four Zambian children who should be on life-saving anti-retroviral drugs is receiving them. The country planned to increase the number of children on ARVs from the present 20,000 to 120,000, but inadequate facilities pose a major stumbling block.
Selection of documentaries on key Child Rights issues in Africa from various sources.